A resume and curriculum vitae may seem similar on the surface, but the differences are significant. I have many clients who use the terms interchangeably, believing they are the same. Both a resume and curriculum vitae (which will be referred to as CV for the remainder of this post) can be used during the job application process. While a resume is more commonly used in the United States, a CV is accepted worldwide when applying for a job. However, a CV is used in the United States if you are applying for an academic position. So what are the differences between a resume and a CV?